Finally, since 1967, varied forms of non-residential treatment of youth and their families have developed. Building on the lessons learned in the moves to the houses and on the new skills of the child care workers, new services have sprung up which are dependent on the conceptualization and portability of the child care worker's skills.
Thus, child care work has moved into community clinics providing out-patient service.
Setting the stage these early child care workers became experienced and capable clinicians in their own right, well able to make maximum use of environment and interactions for positive benefit for youth and their families, able to work in a variety of settings. Furthermore, the child care worker of today has acquired a number of conceptual tools for describing his art and skill and for thinking about what he is doing.